BANGLADESH EDUCATION CRISIS

Education research was completed in November 2020, this was Sylhet Marathon main interest when Bangladesh Education Department was closed numbers of occasions. There were alternatives for Education reopen immediately after the lockdown laws was eased. Education Minister did not take immediate action. There are major consequences for the education sector closed for long term.

Research collected by UNESCO on Tuesday 24th March 2020, carried out research. It is stated more than 130 countries have been part of the national lockdown. The national lockdown has resulted in education institution closed. There has been 80% of students Impacted by the lockdown restrictions. The students studying from home will have no guidance from their lecturers. major crisis in the student academic progress will have consequences because

  1. They will feel demotivated to work independently
  2. There will be decline in concentration level being away from the class room environment
  3. Giving up hope and ambition resulting in poor grades affecting the education sector academic prospects
  4. line of communication will break down with teachers because of the separation during lockdown

Due to the lockdown laws involved, education institution are planning and strategizing on how to handle times of the pandemic to ensure the students do not fall behind in education. Education institutions have an reputation to achieve objectives to develop reputations regionally, nationally and internationally.

The education sector size of allocation will increase in the next fiscal year to help the country develop socially, economically and academically. The major consequences are students leaving school. The students leaving education results in school student numbers declining and will mean losses of student tuition fees income source.

In Bangladesh, children living school at an early age for personal and financial reasons. The main two reasons why numbers of students leave secondary education is because of child marriage and child labour. This is common to students from less privileged backgrounds. Students leaving education also has an affect on school academic performance due to numbers of students leaving before the exams.

When the education sector reopens, majority of students will fall behind. In terms of progress made academically, situation where the teachers have to monitor student and provide continuous guidance. The teachers have the role of teaching and be an guardian to the students in order for the students to make progress within the set deadlines. Due to the months of closure, teachers will be multi tasking responsibilities and students will be pressurised in order to study for the examination.

The lecturers have an role to play in how the students mental health.
, the focus levels and determination will help students to achieve their targets. Education institution rely on teachers to ensure the students are learners of today and leaders of tomorrow. The teachers are the vital stakeholders to ensure the schools maximise reputation and pass rate percentages.

ACADEMIC RECESSION
The closure of education institutions results in increase number of student leaving education, redundancy of the workforce, decline in revenue results in recession. The recession has worse consequences for students, teachers and the education centres. Decline in communication with students, classroom empty, parents not paying the fees, no students will mean no fees collected. When there are no fees collected by education organisations this will result in an recession. In 2008, the world went through the phase of recession and results in the Lehmaan Brothers to cease trading.

Different researches demonstrate that not more than 30% students studying at tertiary level of education have access to online education and the same findings are also found in regard to pre-recorded class through TV Future of Learning

Recession will have economics for the country, sector, organisation and the individual. This will result in at the beginning of the pandemic when lockdown restriction were introduced in march 2020, the closure of sectors results in rise in unemployment. There will be an decline in revenue levels in order to cover operational costs.

Fall in income will affect the education sector and the internal stakeholders income levels. There has been evidence the education organisations have been collecting student fees, there are costs to cover on the online education platform. The fees used to invest in resources will result in the reduction of the teachers salary.

The income level of the teachers will decline and result in the workforce leaving the education sector. due to the number of sectors remained open the teachers and lecturers will find work in various sectors in order to improve their financial security. Education remaining closed for over 3 months and numbers of sectors open, will mean job opportunities are available for the teachers and lecturers.

The parents of the funders will deny paying the fees to the institution. The loss of reliable workers and students results in the organisation to sell the building and close down. When the organisation closes down this results in loss of students and rise in unemployment. The workforce are capable for getting employment and doors are open to them.

Rise in lose of student is similar to rise in unemployment. Students education future will have an major consequence for their academic life. This will mean students will have to leave their home to find an education place in the rural areas of Bangladesh.

An education closed down, will result in consequences for the Government education sector, Examination Boards losing an clientel, and the organisation reputable. The academic has consequence for the education organisation, internal stakeholders and external stakeholders. The country education reputation will decline resulting in international funding reduced from overseas partners.

EDUCATION INSTITUITION COLLECTING FEES
The news article from daily star titled Students do not watch tv lessons on 12TH November 2020 collected research stating education institution in Bangladesh are collecting tuition fees even though the education has been closed for almost 8 months. The 93% of the students mentioned the education institution loved the tuition fees.

During the times of the pandemic, Bangladesh education sector has been In an major crisis. Various numbers of sectors remained open from beginning of June. England reopened education in June 2020, realising education places cannot fall behind. The education places collecting tuition fees from students even though there are no classes have put them in an major advantage. This is because

  1. The running expenses of the premises are covered
  2. Workforce are paid their salaries

As the closure of education has continued, the teachers in the education institution should have looked at the benefit of the students. The fees should be used for development and maintain relations with the students investing in further resources. In this case, teacher union should consider taking action on persuading the government to reopen education immediately.

In the education sector, there are difference in pricing between online learning and classroom learning. The students are not attending classes, the administrators have access to the premises. There should be an protest on reduction on tuition fees. The classroom – based learning has more value, than online learning.

The school is an education organisation to educate the learners of today and leaders of tomorrow. Teachers are the vital internal stakeholders to ensure students achieve their objectives in monitor progress of the students. In the competitive market, individuals academic skills are inherited from knowledge. Knowledge results in academic certification. The academic certification enables students to progress for security and stability.

Classroom are the place where teachers and students form an cohesive line of communication. Education maximising the students potential socially, economically and academically. the maximum months of closing the educating sector will have consequences in the country economy, rise in unemployment, students leaving.

The education institution needs to reopen, In Bangladesh the schools have been taking 100% fees from students when classes are not open. Schools have mentioned they need to pay for their lecturers wages. The are solution to solve this while the education sector is closed.

  1. The teachers and lecturers working on publishing learning materials in order to supply resources to the students at disadvantages from resources from internet and television access.
  2. Education institutions learning materials are sold to the students

This solution will bring in income from sales of resources. The revenue will decline in comparison to the tuition fees income. On temporary basis reduce the lecturers salary until the education sector reopens. Then the education institutions will maintain the skilled workforce and ensure learners are provided printed learning material to maintain students

PARENTS FUNDINGS

The children parents are the funders of the student education future. Parents and Guardians have developed stakeholder relations with the education institutions in the past years. This is because parents look for the best interest of the children education future.

In relation to the education institutions remaining to collect fees from the students, the parents are the stakeholders funding their tuition fees. The balance between money and student education. In developing economies due to the low salaries in pound currency and increase rate on loans, home finance, Bangladesh Parents and Guardians are in struggle. The families from less privileged background are not able to pay their children tuition fees causing them to leave education and work full time.

Circulation of survival and maximising wealth, the education institutions have to pay their workforce. In Bangladesh, if wealth is not earned there will no food on the table at dinner time. Loss of wealth causes families to move from their birth place in order to avoid being in poverty trap living in town areas. Education institutions protest if the teachers do not get their salary, this will affect the education institution financially and economically. Closure of the education institutions results in loss of employment will result in the internal stakeholders to be unemployed and enter the poverty situation.

There have been situations the parents have stopped paying for the children tuition fees because the closure means tuition fees should not be collected. An primary school child from Sylhet leaving education today, they will end up finding work in the informal economy the next day to support their family during the times of crisis.

In England school leavers age is age 16, after age 16 students work full time and join an apprentiship programme. For Bangladeshi children the situation is different, child working in the informal economy is common. When an family is poor and in struggle, the children will get work in order for them and their families to survive in developing economies.

On the other hand, the honours student who rely on their family income course to pay their fees future could be dismantled. For example, before the pandemic they were recognised student in the education instition, the government delays have resulted their family not sponsoring their tuition fees resulting them to leave education.

Question is what will happen to this student? How will this student adapt to the competitive society? What is their further? This student will be telling an story once upon an time they was top of their class. The reason why this person future will be destroyed is because the education institution were taking advantage

  1. collecting classroom based fees when there should have been solution to reduce the fees by 50%
  2. Government delaying the education sector for months when education is the sector is the future of Bangladesh

There are situations of parents of child and English Medium schools is causing conflict. This pandemic has caused the Bangladesh Education to suffer consequences and have broken down relations between student families and the school. On the other hand, parents have rights to protest on the tuition fees. Just because there is an pandemic, it does not mean school authorities should take advantage of taking classroom based fees when there are no classes to attend.

In England, the distance learning has been in demand to keep the education institution to meet the requirements of students in classroom and home learning. England is used an example, to educate the Bangladeshi Education institutions to reduce the tuition fees to meet the students requirements.

University of Sussex
An MSc in International Market online course will be £11450 and there are flexibility on course start dates in January, March, May, July, September, October.

The Classroom Based Marketing degree in £12450 per annum. The fees for international students is £22500 per annum. The classroom based course enrolment is available for January and September.

In this scenario there are price difference of £1000 between the classroom and distance learning method. On the other hand, International students have access to study classroom based learning in order to comply with Tier 4 Visa regulations. This is the situation Bangladeshi students studying in the United Kingdom are faced with. If the Bangladeshi student had the rights to study online course in International Marketing they would save an total of £10450. An student from the United Kingdom has access to both online distance learning and classroom based would save £1000 on tuition fees.

CIMA Fundamental of Business Economics
The CIMA Qualification at Kaplan Business School the classroom based tuition fees would be £599. On the other hand, distance learning will be £279. There is an price difference of £320.

320/599 x 100 = 53.42%

In this scenario, the distance learning student has saved 53.42% on tuition fees. In Bangladesh distance learning programmes would benefit students with no internet access. This is because the Kaplan Financial College provides books and study manuals to study from their homes.

Financial Express Ahmed Tariq Aziz 18/11/2020 Between education and money

SANEM RESEARCH

13/06/2020
SANEM located in the capital city Dhaka and has been in existence since January 2007. SANEM main expertise are in Research, Knowledge and Development. The 13TH June 2020, article written by Mahtab Uddin effect of the pandemic on the education in Bangladesh outlines the research collected from SANEM.

The research from SANEM estimates based on the household expenditure survey, before the pandemic there was 8.4 million student families were below poverty line. When the lockdown started on Wednesday 25TH March 2020, Bangladesh annual per capita has declined by 25%. What is per capita?

25TH March 2020 8.4 million students In poverty line
13TH June 2020 7.7 families added to the poverty line

June 2020 Bangladeshi student families is estimated at 16.1 million students
8.4 million plus 7.7 million = 16.1 million
SANEM household income expenditure survey (HIES)
Primary 51.70 per cent, Secondary 42.40%, SSC/HSC 30.20% and University 19.0%.

There are 16.1 million students in the poverty line. According to the research from SANEM 43.9% could fall into the poverty line. This means 56.1% of Bangladesh student population are in stable position. In Bangladesh, the 56.1% total is 20574259 students are in stable position. The total numbers of students in education is 36674259.

There could be additional 7.7 million students taking the total to 16.1 million.

The percentage drop out rate for secondary education is 37.60%. due to the increased number of students families in the poverty line, the pandemic will mean students will become demotivated and families will not have the money to investment in their child education. There are chances students will leave education permanently and never return.

Education shutdown will put students with special needs at risk. According to the SANEM research there are approximately 39000 students with special needs in Bangladesh. Out of the 39000 special needs students, there are is an total of 24.5% of the students families in the poverty line.

39000 x 24.5% = 9555 students with special needs are from families in the poverty line.

The estimated figures of more than 45% of student families falling into the poverty line will have an major consequence to the students education. Students falling behind in education results in the student to leave and work in informal sectors.

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